Tuberculosis (TB) also known by the acronym pulmonary TUBERCULOSIS is an infectious disease caused by the Bacillus Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The disease is transmitted from active TB sufferers cough and removing the small dots of saliva and terinhalasi by healthy people who do not have immunity against the disease.

    On 2016, WHO data shows that Indonesia is included in 6 large countries with new cases of TB are the most. In the year 2016, There are 274 cases of deaths per day in Indonesia. In the same year, new TB cases reached 1.020.000 patients. That figure makes Indonesia is ranked the second most TB cases after India. Then followed by China, Philippines, Pakistan, Nigeria and South Africa. TB is also included into the 10 of the diseases that cause of death in the world.

    TB caused by bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis, 85% the infection attacks the lungs. Pulmonary TUBERCULOSIS have symptoms that is coughing, weight down, no appetite, fever, night sweats, bloody cough, chest pain, and weak. Coughing arises with a duration of more than 2 Sunday.

    Easy indeed contagious TB bacilli from active TB sufferer who issued a splash-splashing through salivary batuknya. But when our body healthy immune system can by themselves eradicate TB bacilli enter. It's just that there are times when the immune system fails to protect us from attack TB bacilli. The bacteria will die when exposed to the Sun. Germs will breed in moist places.

    People who have a higher risk for contracting TB in whom:

    1. People with a weak immune system, such as people with HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, or people who are currently undergoing chemotherapy.
    2. People who experience malnutrition or nutritional deficiency.
    3. Smokers.
    4. Drug addict.
    5. People are often associated with a person with active TB, for example, the medical officer or person with family.

    Diseases that are categorized as seriously this actually can be prevented by vaccines BCG (Bacillus Calmette-Guerin). This vaccine is included in the list of compulsory immunization in Indonesia given before infants 2 Moon.

    If it has been exposed to the disease is curable if treated properly. Steps of treatment needed is by consuming drugs of anti tuberculosis (OAT) in 2 the intensive phase, i.e. phase and phase information that the cure provided free Government.

    Any Government issued the slogan TOSS (Find and Obati Until Healed) TB. The slogan is also a campaign so that sufferers of TUBERCULOSIS treatment until finished do or should not break up the drug because it can cause the sufferer so resistant to drugs and increasingly difficult to treat.

    In addition, TB sufferers should also use a mask if direct contact with other people, shut the mouth and nose when sneezing or coughing, do not spit carelessly, and let the sun light walked into the room or House of TB sufferers. This is done to prevent wider transmission.

    Sufferers must also be diligent exercise and consume foods that are nutritious. If you have complaints or symptoms of a cough that has long advised to immediately contact the lung specialist doctor.

    Editor: Dr. Ratna Andriani, Dr. P and SP.. Flora Eka Sari, P Sp. (Pulmonary Specialist RS Kramat 128)

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